Conversion Rate Optimierung: Metriken und Tipps für mehr Verkäufe
Friday, 8 September 2023
Latori GmbH

Conversion rate optimization: metrics and tips for more sales

If you run an online store, you naturally want one thing above all: to sell products. Now, even the greatest optimists are certainly aware that not every visitor can become a customer - but achieving the best possible ratio here is nevertheless the foundation of lasting e-commerce success. For this reason, the relationship between the sessions of a store and the actions desired by the operator, for example product purchases, has its own name: It is the so-called conversion rate, a metric you should definitely know. In addition to a pure definition of the term, in this article we want to introduce you to some influencing factors of the conversion rate and give you tips for optimizing your conversions.

Need help optimizing your Shopify store? Ask Latori! As Germany's first Shopify Plus agency, we have first-hand knowledge and have already optimized a number of national and international stores. Just get in touch with us! Contact us

What is a Conversion Rate?

Let's start with the basics. What exactly the conversion rate describes, we have already roughly mentioned at the beginning: It is the ratio of the conversions of a website or an online store and a reference value. The latter can vary slightly depending on where you read your conversion rate from. For example, if you are running SEA and are looking at the conversion rate of your Google Ads, the clicks generated by your ads within a certain period of time are used for the calculation. The Shopify conversion rate, on the other hand, is derived from the ratio of sessions and conversions, and the same applies to some analytics tools such as Google Analytics, for example. Since the conversion rate is a relative value, it is given as a percentage:

This results in the following calculation formula:

conversion rate Calculation formula

And what exactly are conversions? That basically depends on the operator or what the operator defines as a conversion. Depending on the company's purpose, conversions can be, for example, leads to certain web pages, the submission of a form and/or the entry into a mailing list. Since generating product purchases is the primary goal for online stores, these are crucial for online store conversion rates. This also applies to the Shopify conversion rate.

Speaking of Shopify: You can determine the conversion rate of your Shopify store from the backend. You can find it in the "Statistics" tab.

Conversion optimization definition

Conversion rate optimization involves systematically improving the website while taking user behavior into account. With the help of analyses and tools, you can find out at which point of your website users get stuck and leave the store prematurely. You can use this knowledge to perform conversion rate optimization.

What is a good Conversion Rate?

In order to be able to judge whether your conversion rate needs optimization or not, you first need to know which measure to use. Shopify knows this, too, and has published a conversion rate calculator for various target markets, company sizes, and industries for this purpose.

Conversion Rate Calculator

Depending on which parameters you set, the results vary greatly. They range in the single-digit percentage range between one and five percent. It is true that larger companies traditionally have better conversion rates thanks to higher brand awareness. However, this does not mean that you, as a competitor with a small market share, have no room for optimization, especially since the figures are only rough guidelines. In the following, we will show you some metrics that are crucial for conversion rate optimization.

Reading tip: Latori at Welt der Wunder: How Smart poles makes billboard advertising digital.

Why is conversion rate optimization important?

Conversion rate optimization brings several benefits:

  • Improved user experience: optimization improves the user experience on the entire website. You can use tools to analyze where problems occur and at what point customers leave the store again. With this knowledge, you can make optimizations to improve the shopping experience for customers.

  • Improved customer satisfaction: With an improved user experience comes an increase in customer satisfaction. Customers who find their way around the store more quickly and find the products they are looking for without any detours are more satisfied and more willing to shop in your online store again.

  • The target group is better understood: Conversion rate optimization helps you understand your target group better. You can understand which message, which offer or which language appeals to the target group.

  • Higher ROI (Return on Investment): When you optimize, more visitors are converted to buyers, this provides a higher return on investment.

Which aspects should website operators analyze during conversion rate optimization?

Both entire pages and individual details of the web presence can be optimized for a better conversion rate:

Landing page:

The landing page targets specific actions. Here, texts, images and forms can be improved using A/B tests. The design influences where users look and what they click on. Clear demarcation of important and unimportant elements is crucial. For example, a button like "Add to Cart" should be designed to stand out.


The homepage is the starting point. Important links to offers, the "Register" button and integration of chatbots are important here.

Web page texts:

Words convince users to make important clicks. Clear, readable and relevant content is critical.

Pricing Page:

This is where visitors often decide to buy or bounce. The page should convincingly present why products have which price. A/B testing can show whether monthly or yearly pricing is preferred, or whether supplemental information increases conversion.


Blogs provide added value and CTAs for additional offers. A/B tests can show whether CTAs placed at the end or CTAs integrated into the text work better.


CTAs should be persuasively worded and designed. A/B or multivariate tests help with optimization.

Page structure and navigation:

Intuitive navigation is important. A clear structure makes it easier to navigate between pages.

Page Speed:

Fast loading time affects user experience and ranking. Regular page speed checks are essential.


The fewer questions in forms, the better the conversion rate. The order of questions should be tested.

What mistakes occur during conversion rate optimization?

There are some conversion killers that can negatively affect a conversion rate and should definitely be improved during an optimization:

  • The desired actions that users should perform are not clear.

  • The visuals or content do not match the target audience.

  • The user experience is not taken into account.

  • The online store is not optimized for mobile devices.

  • No security is conveyed to customers (an important point, especially when paying by credit card).

  • No tests have been carried out.

  • Call-to-action buttons are missing.

Metrics for conversion rate optimization

If you want to increase your Shopify conversion rate or improve the performance of other systems, you need to know other metrics besides this one. We will now explain what these are.

1. Bounce rate

Visitors who leave your website without any interaction cannot become customers. Consequently, bounce rate is one of the elementary metrics for conversion optimization. Like the conversion rate, the bounce rate is also expressed as a percentage. What is a good and what is a bad bounce rate is difficult to answer across the board, as it can vary greatly depending on the purpose of the business. Experience shows that online stores often have bounce rates of between 30 and 40 percent. However, it should be clear that a reduction in the bounce rate is always positive for the performance of your web presence.

Note: In the new version of Google's analysis tool, Google Analytics, which is often used for conversion optimization, there is no longer any mention of a bounce rate. Google has introduced the so-called engagement rate with Google Analytics 4, which is nothing more than the reciprocal of the bounce rate.

2. Shopping cart abandonments / Abandoned checkouts

Shopping cart abandonments are a nuisance for any store operator, as users were obviously about to complete a purchase, but for some reason did not do so at the last moment.

Because these users were already so close to conversion, you should definitely get to the bottom of your shopping cart abandonments.

Reading tip: You want to win back lost customers? In our blog, we have compiled the most important do's & don'ts for you.

3. Loading speed / Pagespeed

Have you ever left a website prematurely because it didn't load completely even after waiting for several seconds? If yes, then you might understand the impact that the loading time of a page can have on its conversion rate. According to statistics, a direct correlation can be seen between the loading speed and the aforementioned bounce rate: If the loading time is more than 3 seconds, the bounce rate increases by a third. At 6 seconds, it is already twice as high. (Quelle:

Shopify also has an evaluation of the loading time, you can reach it as follows:

In backend > statistics > reports > behavior > show all > online store speed

Our sample store is comparatively slow with a speed score of 31 points. 100 points would be the maximum here.

Reading tip: Better optimizability of loading times is just one of many advantages of so-called headless CMS. What that is and how you can run Shopify Plus Headless, we explain in this blog post.

4. Average position / Rankings

Website operators want to increase their visibility as much as possible, i.e. the search engine rankings should contain as many top 10 positions as possible and of course one would also like to rank first for some terms. While this need is understandable, many SEOs nevertheless hastily draw a direct connection between average position, also referred to as rankings in some tools, and conversions. They follow the assumption that more clicks automatically result in more conversions. Unfortunately, this is often not the case, because quality also takes precedence over quantity when it comes to SEO. To let your rankings flow meaningfully into your conversion optimization, you should separate relevant and irrelevant search terms and optimize your page for keywords that make sense for you. It makes sense to think about your target group beforehand and define terms that you want to be found for.

Improve conversion rate: 10 general tips for optimization.

There are a few ways to increase your conversion rate. We have summarized 10 of them for you here:

1. Responsive design

Make sure your store is optimized for all devices to ensure a smooth shopping experience on desktops, tablets and smartphones.

Asphaltgold Responsive DesignLatori customer Asphaltgold also relies on mobile optimization, as around 80% of users access the online store via smartphones or tablets.

2. Fast loading times

Optimize images, reduce unnecessary plug-ins and use content delivery networks (CDNs) to reduce loading times.

3. Eye-catching CTAs

Use clear and eye-catching call-to-action buttons that prompt the visitor to perform the desired action.

Sennheiser Conspicuous CTAsOne example of this is Latori customer Sennheiser. The CTA is strikingly designed in blue and, with "Buy now," makes a straightforward invitation to opt for this product.

4. High quality product images

Show high-resolution images of products from different angles to convince potential buyers.

High quality product images LFDYLive Fast Die Young knows the importance of meaningful product images. They allow customers to view products from various angles to get a better feel for the product.

5. Product ratings and reviews

Incorporate customer ratings and reviews to build trust and make the buying decision easier.

ooia product ratings and reviewsLatori customer ooia knows how reviews affect potential customers and has integrated them directly on the homepage of the online store. But potential buyers can also view customer opinions about the respective product on the product detail pages. Ooia uses the proven provider Trustpilot for this purpose.

6. Customized checkout process

Simplify the checkout process and offer different payment methods to make it easier to complete the purchase.

7. Exit-intent popups

Use popups that appear when a visitor wants to leave the page to offer last-minute deals or discounts.

8. Personalization

Use apps to offer personalized recommendations based on customer behavior and interests.

9. Live chat support

Integrate live chat to answer customers' questions in real time and resolve uncertainties.

BOC Live-Chat-SupportLatori customer B.O.C. also uses a live chat to answer customers' questions directly and thus increase the chance of a successful purchase. B.O.C. even goes one step further and lets experts from the community answer questions via the Guuru tool. In this way, the bicycle retailer ensures greater trust and the customer has less of a feeling that products are being pushed on him by sales staff.

10. A/B testing

Run A/B tests continuously to test different variations of page layouts, colors, fonts, and CTAs to determine the best conversion rates.

Reading tip: We have summarized all the important information on A/B testing for you here.

Shopify Conversion Rate Optimization: How it works

Some practices have proven to be effective in conversion rate optimization, which we would like to present to you in more detail below.

Make changes step by step

Conversion optimization is not a sprint, but a marathon. Many companies make the mistake of relaunching their entire web presence with the aim of increasing their conversion rate. This can work, as it brings the online store up to current technical standards and (hopefully) makes it more appealing to customers. The whole thing becomes problematic if the desired effect fails to materialize. A relaunch naturally involves a whole raft of changes. How these interact and which measure has which effect in detail is not comprehensible due to a lack of data.

For a targeted optimization of the conversion rate, it is therefore advisable to implement changes step by step. Only make individual changes to your page and give them time to actually unfold their effect before you readjust and/or introduce further measures.

Use A/B-Tests

A/B testing allows you to see exactly which version of your website achieves which conversion rate. Traditionally, two variants, A and B, are served to your users. While one group gets the original version of your store, you can show a modified variant to the other. This should be done in correspondence with the previous point: In order to be able to accurately evaluate which measures are good and which are bad for optimizing your conversion rate, you should change variant B compared to variant A only in individual points.

To be able to perform a meaningful A/B test, you should determine a sufficient sample size. This can be done with the help of sample calculators, for example the free calculator from AB Tasty.

To determine the sample you need four values, the last of them, Statistical Power or also known as selectivity, is already given. We will briefly explain all the other values:

  • Conversion Rate: this value indicates your current conversion rate.

  • Minimum Detectable Effect: Is the change in conversion rate you want.

  • Statistical Significance: Statistical Significance is, simply put, the risk tolerance of your Conversion Rate Optimization. If statistical significance is not met, your winning variant may actually be false-positive.

In our example, we want our current conversion rate of 5 percent to change by at least 10 percent. To observe this with a statistical significance of 92 percent, we need a sample size of at least 25,923 sessions.

Numerous tools exist for the actual execution of an A/B test, for example Google Optimize, which is closely related to Google Analytics. In addition, there are also numerous Shopify apps for A/B tests.

Reading tip: We have compiled a list of the best apps for Shopify Plus for you.

Ask your costumers

Our example already shows that A/B tests are rather a means of conversion rate optimization for large companies. If your store has only little traffic, you will not be able to achieve the required sample size, or only over a very long period of time.

Customer surveys, on the other hand, are an effective tool for every company. With the help of apps, e.g. Survey, Feedback & Polls, feedback loops can be easily integrated into Shopify, which can give you valuable insights into the user experience of your store. To ensure that your customers actually make the effort to participate in your survey in the first place, you should create appropriate incentives. Discount codes are a great way to kill two birds with one stone: not only do you get insights about your store, but you also give users a reason to store with you again.

Use Heatmapping

Heat maps can be used to create video recordings of your visitors' sessions. You can see exactly how users moved across your website, which can also give you valuable insights into your online store. Based on the results, you can reposition certain elements of your site to improve the user experience, which can have a noticeable effect on the conversion rate.

Note: In order for heat mapping to take place in a DSGVO-compliant manner, you must explicitly refer to the use of corresponding tools in your privacy policy and block elements or pages on which personal information can be entered from being recorded.

Set up a CDN

A Content Delivery Network, or CDN for short, is used to store media such as images and video material on an external server network. The files are automatically compressed by the system, which usually reduces their file size by 50-70 percent. When your site is accessed, the data is delivered at lightning speed, which usually shortens your load times significantly.

If you use Shopify or its Enterprise solution Shopify Plus, you don't need to do anything else. The store system automatically uses a CDN and cooperates with the providers Fastly and Cloudflare for this purpose.


Conversion rate optimization should be a declared goal of every e-commerce company. Many sessions are of no use to you if users don't convert and you can't generate sales. We hope this post could give you a good insight into the definition of conversion rate, its meaning, important metrics and some measures for optimization.

If you need help optimizing your Shopify store or want to migrate to Shopify, feel free to contact us! Contact Latori now.

Frequently asked questions about conversion rate optimization

What is the conversion rate?

The conversion rate indicates how many visitors have performed a defined action on your website.

What is Conversion Rate Optimization?

Conversion rate optimization is the systematic improvement of a website in terms of user behavior. The goal of conversion rate optimization is to increase the probability that visitors will perform a certain action (conversion).

How do I increase the conversion rate in e-commerce?

To optimize the conversion rate, you can implement various measures, such as using A/B tests, collecting customer feedback or using heat mapping. We explain more measures in the blog.

How do you calculate the conversion rate?

The conversion rate in e-commerce is calculated by dividing the number of actual purchases by the number of visitors or interactions on a website and multiplying the result by 100 to express it as a percentage. The formula is:

Conversion Rate = (number of purchases/number of visitors or interactions)×100.

What conversion rate is good?

A "good" conversion rate in e-commerce can vary widely and depends on several factors, including your industry, your target audience, your offer, your price level, and many other influencing factors. There is no set conversion rate that is considered ideal for all businesses. Instead, it's important to look at conversion rate in the context of your own business. However, it can be said that the average conversion rate for e-commerce websites is often between 2% and 4%. This means that about 2 to 4 out of every 100 visitors make a purchase.

What is a good conversion rate for Google Ads?

Since conversion rate is heavily influenced by various factors, there is no universal standard. However, many businesses may consider a conversion rate of 2% to 5% as a rough guide. Nevertheless, it is important to focus on continuous optimizations to increase the conversion rate over time and get the best possible ROI from your Google Ads campaigns.

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